Garage Door

How To Adjust Garage Door Springs

5 mins read

Adjusting garage door springs is a crucial aspect of garage door maintenance. It ensures smooth operation, enhances safety, and prolongs the lifespan of the door. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the steps to adjust your garage door springs. Plus, we’ll delve into frequently asked questions to clarify common concerns.

Understanding Garage Door Springs

Garage door springs counterbalance the door’s weight, making it easier to open and close. Two main types exist: torsion springs and extension springs. Torsion springs are mounted above the garage door, while extension springs run along the tracks on either side.

Safety First

Before we begin, prioritize safety. Adjusting garage door springs can be dangerous. If you’re not confident, seek professional help. Always wear safety glasses and gloves. Ensure the garage door is closed and secured before starting.

Tools You’ll Need

  • Wrench set
  • Clamps
  • Ladder
  • Measuring tape
  • Safety glasses
  • Gloves

Step-by-Step Guide to Adjusting Torsion Springs

  1. Close the Garage Door: Ensure it is fully closed and disconnect the opener.
  2. Secure the Door: Clamp the door to the track above one of the rollers to prevent it from opening.
  3. Locate the Spring Winding Cone: It’s at the end of the spring, fixed to the torsion bar.
  4. Loosen the Set Screws: Use a wrench to carefully loosen the screws on the winding cone.
  5. Adjust Tension: Insert a winding bar into one of the holes in the winding cone. Increase tension by turning the cone in quarter-turn increments. Decrease tension by turning in the opposite direction.
  6. Tighten Set Screws: Once adjusted, tighten the set screws while holding the winding bar in place.
  7. Test the Door: Remove the clamps and manually test the door. It should move smoothly and stay open about three feet above the ground.

Step-by-Step Guide to Adjusting Extension Springs

  1. Open the Garage Door: Fully open the door to release tension on the springs.
  2. Secure the Door: Use clamps to secure the door in the open position.
  3. Disconnect the Springs: Unhook the springs from the track bracket.
  4. Adjust the Cable: To increase tension, move the S-hook to a higher hole on the track. Decrease tension by moving it to a lower hole.
  5. Reconnect the Springs: Hook the springs back onto the bracket.
  6. Test the Door: Carefully remove the clamps and test the door’s operation.

Detailed Table on Adjusting Garage Door Springs

StepTorsion SpringsExtension Springs
1Close and secure the garage door.Open and secure the garage door.
2Locate and loosen the set screws.Disconnect the springs from the track bracket.
3Adjust tension with winding bars.Adjust the cable tension via the S-hook.
4Tighten the set screws.Reconnect the springs to the bracket.
5Test the door’s operation manually.Test the door’s operation manually.

Frequently Asked Questions

How often should I adjust my garage door springs?

Garage door springs should be adjusted whenever you notice the door is not balanced. Typically, once every year or two is sufficient for maintenance.

Can I adjust garage door springs myself?

Yes, with the right tools and safety precautions, you can adjust garage door springs yourself. However, if you’re not comfortable, it’s safer to hire a professional.

What are the signs that my garage door springs need adjustment?

Signs include uneven opening, difficulty in opening or closing, and the door not staying open or closed.

What is the lifespan of garage door springs?

Torsion springs usually last about 15,000 cycles, while extension springs have a lifespan of around 10,000 cycles. A cycle is one opening and closing of the door.


Adjusting your garage door springs is a vital maintenance task that ensures the efficient and safe operation of your garage door. Whether you’re dealing with torsion or extension springs, following the correct procedure is crucial. Remember, safety is paramount. Always wear protective gear and use the proper tools. If you’re unsure or uncomfortable performing these adjustments, it’s best to contact a professional.

For more detailed information and step-by-step guidance, visit our how to adjust garage door springs guide. Our expert advice can help you ensure that your garage door operates smoothly and safely for years to come. Don’t hesitate to reach out to us for assistance or any garage door-related concerns. Our team is here to provide you with the support and expertise you need.

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