The Ultimate Guide to Understanding Girls Lacrosse Rules

9 mins read

Have you ever wondered what makes girls’ lacrosse so exciting?

This fast-paced sport has unique rules that can be confusing for newcomers. Whether you’re a player, coach, or fan, knowing the basics can enhance your appreciation and enjoyment of the game.

Below, we’ll break down the essential girls lacrosse rules simply and clearly. Let’s dive in and get started!

Field Specifications

The girls’ lacrosse field is rectangular and measures 110 yards long and 60 yards wide. The field has different sections, including the midfield, attack, and defense areas. Each end of the field has a goal circle, which is an 8.5-foot radius around the goal.

The goal itself is 6 feet by 6 feet. Boundary lines define the playing area, and the center circle starts the game and serves for draws after each goal. Understanding the field helps players know where they should be during the game.

Game Duration

A girls’ lacrosse game lasts 50 minutes. The game has two halves, each 25 minutes long. Between the halves, there’s a ten-minute break, giving players a chance to rest.

Each team has two timeouts per half, which last two minutes each. These timeouts allow coaches to give instructions and plan strategies.

If the game ends in a tie, there is an overtime period. Overtime lasts six minutes and starts with a coin toss to decide possession.

The team that scores first in overtime wins the game. Watching the game clock helps players manage their time on the field and make quick decisions.

Starting Play

At the beginning of each half and after every goal, the game starts with a draw in the center circle. During the draw, two players from opposing teams stand face-to-face in the circle. Each player holds their stick parallel to the ground, and the ball is between them.

When the referee blows the whistle, the players use their sticks to toss the ball into the air. Other players outside the circle then scramble to gain possession of the ball. This is an exciting part of the game, as quick reactions and teamwork are crucial.

Gaining control of the ball during the draw can set the tone for the rest of the play. This allows a team to drive toward the goal or set up a strategic play. Understanding the draw and being quick on your feet help your team gain early momentum.


Lacrosse scoring happens when the ball goes into the goal. A player fires the ball into the net of the opposition to score a goal. The team with the most points at the conclusion of the game wins. Each goal is worth one point.

Players must shoot the ball from outside the goal circle. Only the goalkeeper can be inside this circle.

When taking a shot, aim and accuracy are very important. Teammates can help by passing the ball and creating opportunities to shoot.

Goals can bring excitement and motivate the team. Players should always stay focused and look for chances to score during the game.

Fouls and Penalties

Fouls and penalties keep the game safe and fair. Fouls can happen when players make illegal moves or dangerous plays.

Some common fouls include tripping, hitting with the stick, or blocking another player. If a foul occurs, the referee blows the whistle and stops the game.

There are two types of fouls: major and minor. Major fouls are more serious, while minor fouls are less severe.

When a player commits a major foul, they must leave the field for a short time. As per the rules of lacrosse, their team will play with one fewer player. Minor fouls usually result in a free position for the other team.

Offside Rule

The offside rule in lacrosse helps keep the game fair and organized. This rule ensures that each team has the same number of players on each side of the field.

A team is offside if they have too many players on the attack or defense half of the field. For example, if a team has more than seven players in the attack area, they are offside. The same applies to the defense area, where the lacrosse rules allow only eight players.

To avoid being offside, players need to pay attention to their positions. Staying aware of how many teammates are in each section helps keep the team within the rules. If a team commits offside, the other team takes a free position, and the game resumes.

Equipment Requirements

Each player needs specific equipment for girls’ lacrosse. First, everyone wears a mouthguard to protect their teeth and jaws. Goggles shield the eyes and head from flying balls or sticks.

Players also need a lacrosse stick to catch, throw, and shoot the ball. The stick’s length varies based on the player’s position. Cleats help with grip on the grass, allowing players to run and change direction quickly.

Finally, goalkeepers wear extra padding for safety. Gloves, chest protectors, and helmets give goalies extra protection while they defend the goal. Proper gear makes the game safe and fun for everyone.

Substitution Rules

In lacrosse, players can switch during the game. This swapping happens when a player runs off the field and another player runs on. Substitutions usually occur near the team bench.

Fresh players bring new energy and can change the game. Teams can use this to keep players rested and ready. Coaches often switch players during timeouts or breaks in play.

Substitutions also help players avoid getting too tired. Tired players make more mistakes, so staying fresh matters. Knowing when to substitute helps teams stay strong and play better.

Overtime Regulations

Overtime happens when the regular game ends with a tie. Both teams get a chance to score first. The overtime period lasts six minutes.

A coin toss at the start decides who gets possession. If one team scores during overtime, they win right away.

Teams need a strong defense and good teamwork. Players work hard to take control of the ball and move toward the opponent’s goal. Coaches use this time to give key instructions. Everyone on the field focuses even more because every moment counts.

Start Learning All You Can About Girls Lacrosse Rules

Understanding girls lacrosse rules doesn’t have to be hard. By learning the basics, you can enjoy the game more, whether you are a player, coach, or fan.

So keep exploring and discovering more about this exciting sport. The more you know about lacrosse rules, the more fun you will have!

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